Home Science A Plant Species List for the Berkshire Range

A Plant Species List for the Berkshire Range

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The following is a species list that I have compiled from my work and that of other peers working in the Berkshires. Readers are encouraged to comment or contribute.

Species Name Common Name
Acer pensylvanicum Striped maple
Acer rubrum Red maple
Acer saccharum Sugar maple
Acer spicatum
Actaea pachypoda
Actaea rubra
Adiantum pedatum
Adlumia fungosa
Ageratina altissima
Agrimonia ?gryposepala
Agrostis perennans Hairgrass
Alliaria petiolata * Garlic mustard
Allium tricoccum Wild leek
Alnus incana ssp. rugosa Alder
Ambrosia artemisiifolia Common ragweed
Amelanchier laevis Smooth shadbush
Amelanchier species
Amphicarpaea bracteata Hog-peanut
Anaphalis margaritacea Pearly everlasting
Andromeda glaucophylla
Anemone acutiloba
Anemone americana
Anemone quinquefolia Wood anemone
Anemone virginiana Canada anemone
Angelica ?atropurpurea
Antennaria ?neglecta Pussy’s-toes
Antennaria plantaginifolia
Anthoxanthum odoratum * Sweet vernal grass
Apocynum ?cannabinum Dogbane
Aquilegia canadensis
Aralia hispida
Aralia nudicaulis Wild sarsaparilla
Aralia racemosa
Arceuthobium pusillum
Arctium minus *
Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit
Aronia species
Arrhenatherum elatius *
Artemisia vulgaris * Mugwort
Asarum canadense
Asclepias incarnata
Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed
Asplenium platyneuron
Asplenium trichomanes
Athyrium filix-femina Lady fern
Barbarea vulgaris * Winter-cress
Berberis thunbergii * Barberry
Betula alleghaniensis Yellow birch
Betula lenta Black birch
Betula papyrifera Paper birch
Betula populifolia Gray birch
Bidens species
Boechera laevigata
Boehmeria cylindrica False-nettle
Botrychium virginianaum
Brachyelytrum erectum Bearded shorthusk
Bromus inermis * Smooth brome
Bromus pubescens
Calamagrostis canadensis
Calamagrostis stricta ssp. inexpansa
Calla palustris
Caltha palustris Marsh marigold
Campanula aparinoides
Cardamine concatenata
Cardamine diphylla
Carex aestivalis † Sedge
Carex albicans var. albicans
Carex albursina Sedge
Carex amphibola
Carex appalachica Sedge
Carex arctata
Carex argyrantha Sedge
Carex aurea
Carex blanda Sedge
Carex bromoides Sedge
Carex brunnescens Sedge
Carex canescens
Carex castanea
Carex cephalophora Sedge
Carex communis Sedge
Carex comosa
Carex crinita Sedge
Carex cristatella
Carex debilis Sedge
Carex deweyana Sedge
Carex digitalis Sedge
Carex flava
Carex folliculata Sedge
Carex gracillima Sedge
Carex gracillescens
Carex granularis Sedge
Carex hirtifolia
Carex hitchcockiana
Carex hystericina
Carex interior
Carex intumescens Sedge
Carex lacustris
Carex laevivaginata
Carex lasiocarpa
Carex laxiflora Sedge
Carex leptalea
Carex leptonervia
Carex lupulina Sedge
Carex lurida Sedge
Carex muricata
Carex normalis
Carex novae-angliae
Carex ?ormostachya
Carex pedunculata
Carex pensylvanica Sedge
Carex platyphylla
Carex prasina Sedge
Carex rosea Sedge
Carex retroflexa
Carex scabrata Sedge
Carex scoparia Sedge
Carex sparganioides
Carex sprengelii
Carex stipata Sedge
Carex stricta Sedge
Carex swanii Sedge
Carex tetanica
Carex trisperma
Carex virescens
Carex viridula
Carex vulpinoidea Sedge
Carpinus caroliniana Hornbeam
Carya cordiformis Bitternut
Carya ?ovalis Sweet pignut
Carya ovata Shagbark hickory
Castanea dentata Chestnut
Ceanothus americanus
Celastrus orbiculatus * Oriental bittersweet
Centaurea maculosa * Knapweed
Cerastium species *
Cercidiphyllum japonicum * Katsura
Chelidonium majus * Greater celandine
Chelone glabra Turtle-heads
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Chimaphila maculata Spotted wintergreen
Chimaphila umbellata
Chrysosplenium americanum Golden saxifrage
Cicuta species
Cinna latifolia Drooping wood reed
Circaea alpina Dwarf enchanter’s nightshade
Circaea lutetiana Enchanter’s nightshade
Cirsium ?muticum
Clematis virginiana Virgin’s-bower
Clethra alnifolia Sweet pepper-bush
Clinopodium vulgare * Wild basil
Clintonia borealis Wood lily
Collinsonia canadensis
Comptonia peregrina Sweet-fern
Conioselinum chinense
Coptis trifolia Goldthread
Corallorhiza trifida
Cornus alternifolia
Cornus amomum
Cornus canadensis
Cornus rugosa
Cornus stolonifera
Corydalis sempervirens
Corylus cornuta Beaked hazel
Crataegus brainerdii Hawthorn
Cryptotaenia canadensis
Cypripedium acaule
Cypripedium parviflorum
Cystopteris bulbifera
Cystopteris tenuis
Dactylis glomerata * Orchard grass
Danthonia compressa Northern oat grass
Danthonia spicata Poverty-grass
Dasiphora fruticosa
Daucus carota * Queen Anne’s-lace
Decodon verticillatus
Dennstaedtia punctilobula Hay-scented fern
Dentaria concatenata
Deparia acrostichoides Silvery spleenwort
Deschampsia flexuosa
Desmodium species Tick-clover
Dianthus armeria * Deptford pink
Dicanthelium acuminatum var. implicatum
Dichanthelium latifolium Panic grass
Dichanthelium linearifolium Panic grass
Dichanthelium oligosanthes Panic grass
Dicanthelium ?spretum
Dicanthelium villosissimum
Dicentra cucullaria
Diervilla lonicera Bush honeysuckle
Digitalis ?lanata
Drosera rotundifolia
Dryopteris carthusiana Spinulose wood fern
Dryopteris cristata Crested wood fern
Dryopteris intermedia Common wood fern
Dryopteris marginalis Marginal wood fern
Dulichium arundinaceum
Eleocharis obtusa Spike rush
Eleocharis species
Elymus hystrix
Elymus species
Elymus trachycaulus
Epifagus virginiana Beech drops
Epigaea repens Trailing arbutus
Epilobium coloratum Purple-leaf willow-herb
Epipactis helleborine * Helleborine
Equisetum arvense Common horsetail
Equisetum scirpoides
Equisetum sylvaticum Woodland horsetail
Equisetum variegatum
Erigeron annuus Daisy-fleabane
Erigeron philadelphicus
Erigeron pulchellus Robin’s-plantain
Eriophorum viridi-carinatum
Eriophorum species
Erythronium americanum Trout lily
Eupatorium perfoliatum Boneset
Eupatorium rugosum
Eupatorium ?sessilifolium
Eurybia divaricata White wood aster
Eurybia macrophylla
Euthamia graminifolia Flat-top goldenrod
Eutrochium ?purpureum
Fagus grandifolia American beech
Festuca subverticillata Nodding fescue
Fragaria virginiana Wild strawberry
Fraxinus americana White ash
Fraxinus nigra Black ash
Galium aparine *
Galium mollugo * White bedstraw
Galium ?lanceolatum
Galium tinctorium Bedstraw
Galium ?trifidum
Galium triflorum
Gaultheria procumbens Wintergreen
Gaultheria hispidula
Gaylussacia baccata Black huckleberry
Geranium maculatum Wild geranium
Geranium robertianum
Geum canadense White avens
Geum rivale
Glyceria canadensis Rattlesnake grass
Glyceria ?grandis
Glyceria melicaria Slender manna grass
Glyceria striata Fowl manna grass
Gnaphalium obtusifolium
Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Hackelia virginiana
Hamamelis virginiana Witch-hazel
Hesperis matronalis * Dame’s-rocket
Hieracium paniculatum Hawkweed
Heuchera americana
Holcus lanatus *
Houstonia caerulea Bluets
Huperzia lucidula
Hydrocotyle americana Pennywort
Hypericum boreale
Ilex verticillata Winterberry
Impatiens capensis Spotted jewelweed
Impatiens pallida
?Inula helenium
Iris versicolor Blue flag
Juncus effusus Soft rush
Juncus ?greenei
Juncus pelocarpus
Juncus tenuis Slender yard-rush
Kalmia angustifolia
Kalmia latifolia Mountain laurel
Laportea canadensis
Larix laricina
Ledum groenlandicum
Leersia oryzoides Rice cutgrass
Leucanthemum vulgare * Ox-eye daisy
Ligustrum species
Lilium ?superbum Turk’s-cap lily
Linaria vulgaris * Common toadflax
Lindera benzoin Spicebush
Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip tree
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal-flower
Lobelia inflata Indian-tobacco
Lobelia spicata
Lonicera canadensis Fly honeysuckle
Lonicera dioica
Lonicera morrowii *
Lotus corniculatus * Bird’s-foot trefoil
Ludwigia palustris
Luzula acuminata Hairy woodrush
Luzula campestris Common wood-rush
Lychnis flos-cuculi * Ragged-robin
Lycopodium annotinum
Lycopodium clavatum
Lycopodium obscurum Tree clubmoss
Lycopus uniflorus Water-horehound
Lycopus virginicus Water-horehound
Lyonia ligustrina Maleberry
Lysimachia ciliata Fringed loosestrife
Lysimachia terrestris
Lythrum salicaria * Purple loosestrife
Maianthemum canadense False lily-of-the-valley
Malus ?pumila * Common apple
Matteuccia struthiopteris
Medeola virginiana Indian cucumber root
Melampyrum lineare
Melilotus alba * White sweet-clover
Mentha arvensis
Mitchella repens Partridgeberry
Mitella diphylla
Moehringia lateriflora
Monarda fistulosa Horsemint
Monotropa hypopithys
Monotropa uniflora Indian-pipe
Muhlenbergia species Wire stem muhly
Nemopanthus mucronatus Mountain holly
Nyssa sylvatica Black gum
Oclemena acuminata Mountain aster
Oenothera perennis
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive fern
Oryzopsis asperifolia
Oryzopsis racemosa
Osmorhiza species
Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon fern
Osmunda claytoniana Interrupted fern
Osmunda regalis Royal fern
Ostrya virginiana Hop hornbeam
Oxalis montana
Oxalis ?stricta Lady’s-sorrel
Packera aurea Golden ragwort
Packera obovata
Panax trifolius Dwarf ginseng
Parnassia glauca
Paronychia canadensis
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper
Peltandra virginica
Penstemon species
Phalaris arundinacea Reed canary-grass
Phegopteris connectilis
Phegopteris hexagonoptera Broad beech fern
Phleum pratense * Timothy
Phragmites australis * Common reed
Phytolacca americana Pokeweed
Picea rubens Red spruce
Picea mariana  Black spruce
Pilea pumila Clearweed
Pinus strobus White pine
Plantago lanceolata * English plantain
Plantago rugelii Pale plantain
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore
Platanthera clavellata Little club-spur bog-orchid
Platanthera ?hyperborea Orchid
Platanthera species
Poa alsodes Woodland bluegrass
Poa annua * Annual bluegrass
Poa compressa *
Poa pratensis * Kentucky bluegrass
Poa saltuensis
Poa trivialis * Rough bluegrass
Podopyllum pedatum
Pogonia ophioglossoides
Polygala pauciflora
Polygonatum biflorum Small Solomon’s-seal
Polygonum arifolium Arrow leaf tear thumb
Polygonum cespitosum * Low smartweed
Polygonum cilinode
Polygonum sagittatum Tear thumb
Polypodium appalachianum
Polypodium virginianum Rock polyploidy
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern
Populus deltoides
Populus grandidentata Big tooth aspen
Populus tremuloides
Potentilla canadensis Dwarf cinquefoil
Potentilla simplex Common cinquefoil
Prenanthes species Rattlesnake-root
Primula ?japonica
Prunella vulgaris * Self-heal
Prunus serotina Black cherry
Prunus virginiana
Pteridium aquilinum Bracken
Pyrola rotundifolia Shinleaf
Quercus alba White oak
Quercus ?coccinea Scarlet oak
Quercus montana Chestnut oak
Quercus rubra Red oak
Quercus velutina Black oak
Ranunculus abortivus Kidney-leaf crowfoot
Ranunculus hispidus
Ranunculus recurvatus Hooked buttercup
Rhamnus cathartica *
Rhododendron periclymenoides Pinkster-flower
Rhododendron ?maximum
Rhododendron viscosum Swamp azalea
Rhynchospora alba
Ribes americanum
Ribes glandulosum
Ribes cynosbati Wild gooseberry
Rosa multiflora * Multiflora rose
Rosa ?virginiana
Rubus allegheniensis Northern blackberry
Rubus ?flagellaris Northern dewberry
Rubus hispidus Swamp dewberry
Rubus occidentalis Black raspberry
Rubus odoratus
Rubus pubescens Dwarf raspberry
Rudbeckia species * Black-eyed Susan
Rumex acetosella * Sheep sorrel
Sagittaria ?latifolia
Salix bebbii
Salix discolor Pussy willow
Salix humilus Gray willow
Salix nigra Black willow
Salix sericea
Salix serissima
Sambucus canadensis Black elderberry
Sambucus racemosa ssp. pubens Red elderberry
Sanguinaria canadensis
Sanicula species
Sarracenia purpurea
Sassafras albidum Sassafras
Saxifraga pensylvanica Swamp saxifrage
Saxifraga virginiensis
Schizachne purpurascens
Schizachyrium scoparium
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Scirpus atrocinctus Bulrush
Scirpus cyperinus
Scirpus ?expansus Wood bulrush
Scirpus hattorianus
Scirpus ?microcarpus
Scirpus pendulus
Scrophularia lanceolata Hare-figwort
Scutellaria galericulata
Scutellaria lateriflora Common skullcap
Sedum species * Stonecrop
Selaginella apoda
Setaria pumila * Yellow foxtail
Sisyrinchium montanum Blue-eyed grass
Smilax herbacea Carrion-flower
Solanum dulcamara *
Solidago caesia Blue-stem goldenrod
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis
Solidago juncea
Solidago nemoralis Gray goldenrod
Solidago patula Spreading goldenrod
Solidago rugosa Tall hairy goldenrod
Solidago ?uliginosa
Sonchus species *
Sorbaria sorbifolia *
Sorbus americana
Sparganium species Bur-reed
Sphenopholis intermedia
Spiraea alba var. latifolia Meadow-sweet
Spiraea tomentosa
Stellaria graminea * Common stitchwort
Stellaria species
Streptopus roseus
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum Tall white aster
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum Calico aster
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Symphyotrichum novi-belgii New York aster
Symphyotrichum ?prenanthoides
Symphyotrichum puniceus Purple-stemmed aster
Taraxacum officinale * Common dandelion
Thalictrum dioicum
Thalictrum ?pubescens Tall meadow-rue
Thalictrum thalictroides
Thelypteris noveboracensis New York fern
Thelypteris palustris Marsh fern
Thelypteris simulata
Tiarella cordifolia Foamflower
Tilia americana
Torreyochloa pallida var. pallida Pale manna grass
Toxicodendron radicans Poison ivy
Toxicodendron vernix
Trientalis borealis Starflower
Triadenum species
Trifolium repens * White clover
Trillium erectum Purple trillium
Trillium undulatum Painted trillium
Tsuga canadensis Hemlock
Tussilago farfara * Coltsfoot
Typha latifolia Common cat-tail
Ulmus americana American elm
Urtica dioica * Stinging nettle
Utricularia species
Uvularia perfoliata
Uvularia sessilifolia Bellwort
Vaccinium angustifolium Low bush blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum High bush blueberry
Vaccinium ?oxycoccos
Vaccinium stamineum
Valeriana officinalis *
Veratrum viride False hellebore
Verbena ?hastata Blue vervain
Veronica americana
Veronica chamaedrys * Bird’s-eye speedwell
Veronica peregrina Purslane-speedwell
Veronica officinalis * Speedwell
Veronica serpyllifolia * Thyme-leaf speedwell
Veronica scutellata
Viburnum acerifolium Maple-leaf viburnum
Viburnum dentatum Southern arrow-wood
Viburnum lantanoides
Viburnum lentago
Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides Wild raisin
Viburnum opulus var. opulus
Viola blanda
Viola conspersa American dog-violet
Viola cucullata Blue marsh violet
Viola macloskeyi Pale violet
Viola pubescens
Viola rotundifolia
Viola sagittata Northern downy violet
Viola sororia Common violet
Vitis riparia
Vitis species Grape
Woodsia ilvensis
Woodsia obtusa
Xyris montana
Zanthoxylum americanum
Zizia aurea
Latest update: August 15, 2017.
(†) Denotes a species listed as “Endangered”, “Threatened”, or “Special Concern” by the State of Connecticut.
(*) Denotes species regarded as alien to the region.

 

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